A comfortable separate house should be provided. The space required depends on breed, size, age, weight, and environmental conditions. There must be specified areas where feed and water will be placed for the dog. The area should be cleaned regularly and replace the bedding immediately when required. 펫키지의 강아지보험비교 서비스
Proper feeding is the most important factor in maintaining the good physical and mental health of your canine friend. A well-balanced, high-quality diet, having the correct proportion of protein, carbohydrates, fat, vitamins, and minerals, should be provided. Good nutrition is essential at all ages, not only for growth, reproduction, and maintenance, but also for an optimum level of activity, repair of body damage, and development of resistance against infection.
- Feeding Frequency:
The feed should be provided at a fixed time every day. Since regularity will help promote a stable appetite and consistent elimination. Regulated feeding also allows you to adjust the amount of food to maintain a stable weight or to promote weight gain or loss. Allow the dog 20-30 minutes to eat, and then remove the bowl. The number of meals depends on the age and breed of the dog.
- Three to four meals a day should be offered to Puppies immediately after weaning and up to twelve weeks of age.
- Three meals should be provided from three to six months of age.
- From six months to twelve months of age, two meals should be offered.
- One meal is normally enough, once your friend is one year old.
- Some large breeds are prone to bloat, so it’s better to offer them twice daily.
- Types Of Food:
A wide variety of dog foods is available in the commercial market and you may get confused about what to feed your dog. Basically, there are three types of feed.
- Dry or solid food
- Semi-moist food
- Canned food
- Dry or Solid Food:
As indicated by the name, it is available in dry form as biscuits, kibble, or expandable particles. Dry food is a combination of cereal grains, vegetable products, meat or fish meal, and sometimes dairy products blended with an appropriate ratio of vitamins and minerals. Most dry food has less than ten percent water. Dry food is inexpensive, easy to feed, and convenient to store.
- Semi-Moist Food:
It can be ground, chunk, or ribbon. Soya bean meal, sugar, meat or meat by-products, animal fat preservatives are blended with an appropriate ratio of vitamins and minerals. Semi-moist foods are usually complete and balanced foods that are more palatable, relatively odorless, and convenient to store. These have 25% to 30 % water.
- Canned food:
This type of food contains 75% to 80% of water. It is more palatable and digestible than dry and semi-moist food. But it is expensive as compared to other types of food.
- Feeding Tips:
- Many pet owners believe that dogs need a variety of foods to satisfy their appetites. Frequent changes in diet are unnecessary and offering a variety of foods often causes digestive disturbances or results in “finicky” eaters. Research has indicated that dogs do best on a single diet and that appetite and weight are less likely to vary when a dog is maintained on the same diet, providing it is complete and balanced.
- If it is necessary to change a dog’s diet, do it over a period of several days to avoid digestive upsets, which while seldom serious or permanent, can involve loss of appetite or diarrhea. To change the diet, on the first day, mix one-quarter of the new food with three-quarters of the original diet. On the second day, equal parts, on the third day, three-quarters of the new diet, on the fourth day, the new diet.
- Animal nutritionists do not recommend feeding large amounts of table scraps. The table scraps or “people snacks” fed to a dog tend to be high in fat and carbohydrates and low in protein and calcium. You can give your dog table scraps as treats, or add them to the regular diet in small amounts. Table scraps will not alter a complete and balanced diet if they do not exceed 15% of the dog’s daily intake of food.
- Don’t worry if a dog refuses to eat a meal or two. Age, exercise, humidity, or climate can produce a temporary change in a dog’s appetite. Unless the condition persists, there is no reason to be apprehensive.
- If you want to give bones to a dog, be sure they are solid and big enough to be chewed on and not swallowed. Knucklebones and marrow bones are good choices for medium and large breeds. Do not give poultry, steak, chop, or rib bones that can be chewed up and swallowed or can splinter easily, as sharp pieces can become lodged in the throat or pierce the intestinal wall.
- Try not to let your dog fluctuate in weight. If its appetite or weight is abnormal, seek professional help.
- Serve the dog’s food and water in appropriate bowls. There is a confusing variety of plastic, stainless steel, aluminum, and crockery feeding dishes at pet stores. The bowls should be made of non-toxic material that is easy to clean and dry (and disinfect, if necessary). In addition, feeding dishes should
- Not break easily.
b. Not crack, especially if put into a dishwasher or left outdoors in cold weather.
C. Be as “chew proof” as possible, able to withstand abuse from a dog’s teeth.
d. Be sturdy enough not to tip over easily or slide across the floor while the dog is eating.
e. If made of plastic, be able to withstand being washed in boiling water without losing shape.
- It is also necessary to consider size and shape. Remember a thumb rule that small dogs should eat from small dishes, medium-sized dogs from medium dishes, and so on.
- The water bowl should be at least one size larger than the food bowl-perhaps even larger for large and giant breeds or when more than one dog will use it.
- Food and water bowls should be washed regularly in hot, soapy water and rinsed thoroughly or cleaned in the dishwasher.
- Food from partly used cans should be transferred to a clean dish, covered with foil or plastic wrap, and refrigerated promptly.
- Even though soft-moist foods require no refrigeration, when a pouch bag is opened, the unused portion should be sealed to keep it from becoming dry and stale.
- Do not give hot or cold food to the dog; before serving, bring it to room temperature.
- When canned meat, fresh meat, or a dairy product dish is not eaten (especially in hot weather), it should be picked up after a reasonable amount of time so that the dog does not consume spoiled food.